Terry Young, President of Beyond the First World Corporation, outlined a series of models of university-industry cooperation, and valorisation of university IPR. Research universities he says is a recent development, and describe universities with mission to conduct applied research and transfer the research results to society for public benefit. These universities have productive working relationships with industry in some way related to application of research results, which may take many different forms:
The Bayh-Dole Model: Intellectual property rights resulting from government-sponsored research at the university is granted by government to the university. The university is charged by the government to go forth and license its patent rights to an industry partner(s), preferably a small business.
The Industry-University-Government model: Before any research commences, the three parties must meet to focus on the innovation challenge, to determine the allocation of responsibilities between the parties in conducting the research activity; funding for the research activity; allocation of intellectual property rights; and other practical and legal matters.
The CORDIS FP7 Model in Europe: The requirements for research funding are set forth in each “Call”. Most work programs involve partnerships; sometimes these partners must be from the private sector.
The Faculty-Owned Model: Government research results are owned by the faculty members, who may commercialize the innovation.
The Canadian Model: Each university has the responsibility to make its own choice as to how its government-funded research results will be managed.
The Glasgow Model: The university “opens its doors to the public” for use of the university’s IPR, allowing free use of the IPR resulting from its research.
The Chinese Model: Faculty members are encouraged and financially rewarded to file patent applications. The Chinese government pays the cost of prosecuting each patent application, both within China and internationally when appropriate.
No Innovation Policy Model: Each university is simply left to its own devices to determine how to manage these activities.
Source: BFW News