The smart city paradigm was shaped in two decades at the turn of the century, between 1990 and 2010. The paper of Mora, Bolici and Deakin “The First Two Decades of Smart-City Research: A Bibliometric Analysis” reports on these first two decades of research on smart cities, examining the literature published between 1992 and 2012 by a bibliometric analysis.
Taking into consideration the 28 applications that have been developed throughout the Online S3 project and are related to the 6 phases of the RIS3 design-process, this report tries to reveal the existing information flows between them. The overall Online S3 Platform mechanism indicates that there is a complex underlying network that links these applications to each other, which is essential to better understand the overall added value of the Online S3 Platform. Given the fact that the abovementioned applications have been developed as standalone apps, further potentials of this platform include the development of an interoperability mode. This could provide the final missing links between the 28 applications, facilitating the information flows between them, giving the opportunity to policy-makers to design even more comprehensive RIS3 strategies. Analytical capabilities and public participation should be further enriched and expanded in that case, promoting the effectiveness of the implemented RIS3 strategies.
The article “Smart City Planning from an Evolutionary Perspective ” by N. Komninos, C. Kakderi, A. Panori and P. Tsarchopoulos was published in the Journal of Urban Technology and focuses on the parallel efforts and initiatives that have been made in the case of Thessaloniki to promote its vision to transform the city into a smart and sustainable place, including ICT solutions fostered by civic communities and individual developers. The study clearly shows that the strategy and actions guided by the vision for an open, global, smart, and resilient city, have been largely shaped by a series of opportunities that appeared gradually over the last few years, both at global and local levels.
The article “From Smart to Cognitive Cities: Intelligence and Urban Utopias ” by A. Psaltoglou was published in the 11th issue of Archidoct and discusses the relation between human intelligence and cities. Through briefly describing human intelligence and utopian thinking, it critically presents two current urban utopias, Smart and Cognitive cities and explores the role of technology as well as the concept of intelligence in both cases.
The working paper Blockchains unchained blockchain technology and its use in the public sector, produced by OECD, tries to work as a guide to equip public servants with the necessary knowledge to understand what the Blockchain architecture is, the implications it could have on government services, and the opportunities and challenges governments may face as a result. Moreover, it also tries to clear what the Blockchain architecture is not to help policy makers look past the hype and determine whether Blockchain technology is something that may help them advance their missions.
The white paper Blockchain and distributed ledgers, produced by ILNAS and ANEC, tries to shed light in a variety of aspects related to blockchain technology and its impacts on economics and businesses. The main questions arising in this report refer to: existing features, differences and similarities in major blockchain platforms; the ways in which will blockchain affect different economic sectors; emerging benefits of adopting blockchain within a given business; recent developments in blockchain technical standardization; and, existing sets of standards that are relevant to this technology.