In recent days we have seen a series of initiatives to combat the pandemic with data, web platforms for research sharing, and models for simulation and forecasting. But how successful can these efforts be? What digital systems can strengthen and accelerate research and innovation in various fields of science and technology?
Unprecedented circumstances with Covid-19 make the need for mission-driven research to be more urgent, mobilizing research labs to discover drugs and vaccines, squeezing the usual timeline for such discoveries and bypassing standard operating rules. But what is the balance between mission rules and human ingenuity?
This report is providing an overview of the activities, organisation and implications of energy communities as participants across the energy system. It identifies them as contiguous processes of both the energy transition and social innovation. Paths for future policy implications and research initiatives are analysed and informed. The European Commission’s Clean Energy for All Europeans Package is stated as the indicator of the role prosumers and their collective forms will play in the future energy system.
In several countries, such as Canada, a digital revolution like the one that created smart cities, is affecting farms. Technology is starting to transform farms and farming. Not only the vast, industrial-scale factory farms, but also small and organic farms. As in the case of smart cities, this technology provides significant benefits, but also creates significant challenges.
This new book Geographies of Disruption: Place Making for Innovation in the Age of Knowledge Economy, written by Tan Yigitcanlar and Tommi Inkinen, provides a timely contribution to the literature on the geography of innovation. Providing a detailed set of case studies on the evolving dimensions of the knowledge economy across Europe, North America, Asia and Oceania, it focuses on the importance of place making for the emergence and spread of knowledge-based economies.
This report presents a European view of Artificial Intelligence (AI) based on independent research and analysis by the European Commission Joint Research Centre to inform the debate at the European level. Shedding light on the opportunities as well as challenges emerging from the recent developments in AI, this report attempts to outline the way towards building a human-centred, diverse, and socially driven AI.
The World Economic and Social Survey 2018 reviews the advances in frontier technologies – automation, robotics, electric vehicles, renewable energy technologies, biotechnologies and artificial intelligence – and analyses their economic, social and environmental impact. Advances in frontier technologies present new and unique challenges. While promising prosperity, these technologies also present risks of growing unemployment, underemployment and inequality, and raise new ethical and moral challenges.