Smart City Ontology 2.0

Smart City Ontology (SCO 2.0) continues the efforts that started in 2015, integrates and re-uses many entities (classes, object properties, data properties) of the initial version, but also has some important differences. The motivation for continuing the work on the smart city ontology has been the interest of the smart city community for an ontology of the smart city, and the many demands that we have received for providing the owl file of the SCO 1.0 to be used in other experiments related to smart cities.

The most important differences of the SCO 2.0 compared to the initial version include (a) the use of the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) as a high-level ontology to guide the creation of a domain-specific ontology for the smart city, and (b) the aim of the ontology to provide a better understanding of the smart/intelligent city landscape; identify main components and terms used to describe them, their relationships; and key processes related to the integration of the different dimensions of the smart city, mainly the physical, social, and digital dimensions.

SCO 2.0 contains 918 classes, 66 object properties, 197 data properties, and 27 individuals. Compared to SCO 1.0, the main changes are the increase in the number of entities, the layers of the hierarchy, and the 1st-level universals (concepts) that define its structure and relationships.

Both the latest versions of the discussion paper explaining the logic of this ontology and the owl file are available from the Google Drive

Comments for change, contribution, or participation to the further development of the Smart City Ontology, please contact any author of this discussion paper at the email below: