The use of technology daily is staggering. Smartphones have allowed people to gain access to information at a moment’s notice and for better or for worse, the dawning of a new technological age has changed the way people live their lives. Large cities are also improving as a result of tech and its influences to help keep order and things rolling along.
The present work for the Smart City Ontology (SCO 2.0) continues the efforts that started in 2015, integrates and re-uses many entities (classes, object properties, data properties) of the initial version, but also has some important differences. The motivation for continuing the work on the smart city ontology has been the interest of the smart city community for an ontology of the smart city, and the many demands that we have received for providing the owl file of the SCO 1.0 to be used in other experiments related to smart cities.
This paper examines and clarifies the basic mechanisms towards the integration of DIY laboratories into R&D networks of the pharmaceutical industry. It explains the interdependent relationship between DIY laboratories, CROs, pharmaceutical firms and venture capitals in an innovation ecosystem.
This study develops an analytical framework for municipal governance of the sharing economy. It comprises five governance mechanisms (regulating, providing, enabling, self-governing and collaborating) and 11 governance roles. The purpose of this article is twofold: to explore municipal governance mechanisms and roles for engaging with sharing economy organisations and to propose a comprehensive analytical framework.
FIWARE, iSHARE and FundingBox launch the i4Trust Initiative to boost data sharing and facilitate SME innovation capability through the creation of data spaces. The EU-funded project, is launching an incubator of trusted B2B data sharing ecosystems of collaborating SMEs connected to Digital Innovation Hubs (DIHs). The project stimulates sharing, re-using and trading of data assets towards further participation of SMEs in the development of innovative services in different sectors.
This paper studies the current delivery of strategic smart city agendas and the top-down means that are used to measure and present their performance. People’s Smart City Dashboard (PSCD) is proposed as a mean to reimagine smart cities in a more empowering and collaborative manner, using Blockchain. People-centric measurement tools are designed, supporting a bottom-up and blockchain-based implementation of smart cities.
The ETSI Human Factors Technical Committee has released ETSI TR 103 455, a Technical Report that assesses citizen-related issues that smart city-related standardization in the ICT domain needs to address. The present document is based on the recognition of local communities as users of standards rather than participants, and highlights the importance of addressing their needs within standardisation documentation. The issues that are being addressed include accessibility, usability, interoperability, personal data protection and security, among others. The study gives an overview of existing ETSI and other SDOs standards in that field, including ETSI community indicators. It also aligns with the UN Sustainable Development Goal 11 “Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”.